Faculté des sciences

Test of Lorentz invariance with spin precession of ultracold neutrons

Altarev, I. ; Baker, C. A. ; Ban, G. ; Bison, Georg ; Bodek, K. ; Daum, M. ; Fierlinger, P. ; Geltenbort, P. ; Green, K. ; Grinten, M. G. D. van der ; Gutsmiedl, E. ; Harris, P. G. ; Heil, W. ; Henneck, R. ; Horras, M. ; Iaydjiev, P. ; Ivanov, S. N. ; Khomutov, N. ; Kirch, K. ; Kistryn, S. ; Knecht, A. ; Knowles, Paul E. ; Kozela, A. ; Kuchler, F. ; Kuźniak, M. ; Lauer, T. ; Lauss, B. ; Lefort, T. ; Mtchedlishvili, A. ; Naviliat-Cuncic, O. ; Pazgalev, Anatoly ; Pendlebury, J. M. ; Petzoldt, G. ; Pierre, E. ; Pignol, G. ; Quéméner, G. ; Rebetez, Martin ; Rebreyend, D. ; Roccia, S. ; Rogel, G. ; Severijns, N. ; Shiers, D. ; Sobolev, Yu. ; Weis, Antoine ; Zejma, J. ; Zsigmond, G.

In: Physical Review Letters, 2009, vol. 103, no. 8, p. 081602

A clock comparison experiment, analyzing the ratio of spin precession frequencies of stored ultracold neutrons and ¹⁹⁹Hg atoms, is reported. No daily variation of this ratio could be found, from which is set an upper limit on the Lorentz invariance violating cosmic anisotropy field b⊥<2×10⁻²⁰ eV (95% C.L.). This is the first limit for the free neutron. This result... Plus

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    Summary
    A clock comparison experiment, analyzing the ratio of spin precession frequencies of stored ultracold neutrons and ¹⁹⁹Hg atoms, is reported. No daily variation of this ratio could be found, from which is set an upper limit on the Lorentz invariance violating cosmic anisotropy field b<2×10⁻²⁰ eV (95% C.L.). This is the first limit for the free neutron. This result is also interpreted as a direct limit on the gravitational dipole moment of the neutron |gn|<0.3 eV/c² m from a spin-dependent interaction with the Sun. Analyzing the gravitational interaction with the Earth, based on previous data, yields a more stringent limit |gn|<3×10⁻⁴ eV/c² m