Faculté des sciences

High-frequency palaeoenvironmental changes on a shallow carbonate platform during a marine transgression (Late Oxfordian, Swiss Jura Mountains)

Védrine, Stéphanie ; Strasser, André

In: Swiss Journal of Geosciences, 2009, vol. 102, no. 2, p. 247–270

Based on a well-established bio- and sequence-stratigraphic framework, a narrow time window in the Bimammatum ammonite zone (Late Oxfordian) is investigated in six Swiss Jura sections representing a shallow-water carbonate platform. From the detailed facies and microfacies analysis of oncoid-rich (Hauptmumienbank Member) and ooid-rich (Steinebach Member) limestones, a microfacies classification... Plus

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    Summary
    Based on a well-established bio- and sequence-stratigraphic framework, a narrow time window in the Bimammatum ammonite zone (Late Oxfordian) is investigated in six Swiss Jura sections representing a shallow-water carbonate platform. From the detailed facies and microfacies analysis of oncoid-rich (Hauptmumienbank Member) and ooid-rich (Steinebach Member) limestones, a microfacies classification is established, depositional environments are interpreted, and a depositional model for the Swiss Jura platform is proposed. The sequence- and cyclostratigraphic interpretation has been performed for the transgressive part of the medium-scale sequence Ox6+, independently for each section, with a very high time resolution at the scale of elementary depositional sequences. The good correlation of the elementary and small-scale sequences between the six studied sections and the similar number of elementary sequences in all sections strongly suggest that allocyclic processes were involved in their formation. The hierarchically stacked depositional sequences (small-scale and elementary sequences) result from orbitally controlled sea-level changes with periodicities of 100 and 20 kyr, respectively. Thickness variations in the correlated small-scale and elementary sequences imply variable sedimentation rates, probably resulting from differential subsidence due to the activity of tectonic blocks. The tectonically controlled platform morphology contributed significantly to the general pattern of depositional environments and, combined with high-frequency sea-level fluctuations, created a complex facies distribution in time and space on the Swiss Jura carbonate platform.