Faculté des sciences

Production of cardenolides in different life stages of the chrysomelid beetle Oreina gloriosa

Eggenberger, F. ; Rowell-Rahier, Martine

In: Journal of Insect Physiology, 1993, vol. 39, no. 9, p. 751-759

Cardenolide production in larval, pupal, and adult leaf beetles Oreina gloriosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is compared. Significantly different levels of cardenolides were found in the various developmental stages of this species: early and late fourth-instar larvae (14 and 19 nmol, respectively), pupae (10 nmol), 1-day-old imagos (8 nmol). The developmental effects on individual... Plus

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    Summary
    Cardenolide production in larval, pupal, and adult leaf beetles Oreina gloriosa (Coleoptera: Chrysomelidae) is compared. Significantly different levels of cardenolides were found in the various developmental stages of this species: early and late fourth-instar larvae (14 and 19 nmol, respectively), pupae (10 nmol), 1-day-old imagos (8 nmol). The developmental effects on individual cardenolides were considerable. Whereas fourth-instar larvae and pupae mainly produce diglycosides (periplogenin-3-O-[β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-d-allopyranoside] and digitoxigenin-3-O-[β-d-xylopyranosyl-(1→4)-β-d-allopyranoside]) and their corresponding monoglycosides, the mixture of cardenolides in adult beetles is clearly more complex, containing increased amounts of acetylated mono- and diglycosides. There were at least 13 different cardenolides in extracts of 1-day-old imagos, spanning a broader range of polarity than the highly polar cardenolides found in extracts of the immature beetles. The biological significance of these chemical differences is discussed.