Faculté des sciences

The synthetic, oxidized C-terminal fragment of the Plasmodium berghei circumsporozoite protein elicits a high protective response

Roggero, Mario A. ; Meraldi, Valentin ; López, José A. ; Eberl, Gérard ; Romero, Jackie C. ; Matile, Hughe ; Betschart, Bruno ; Corradin, Giampietro ; Renggli, John

In: European Journal of Immunology, 2000, vol. 30, no. 9, p. 2679-2685

A polypeptide of 69 amino acids (PbCS 242-310) encompassing the C-terminal region of the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium berghei (PbCS) was generated using solid-phase peptide synthesis. The immunological and protective properties of peptide PbCS 242-310 were studied in BALB/c mice (H-2d). Two subcutaneous injections, in the presence of IFA at the base of the tail,... Plus

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    Summary
    A polypeptide of 69 amino acids (PbCS 242-310) encompassing the C-terminal region of the circumsporozoite protein of Plasmodium berghei (PbCS) was generated using solid-phase peptide synthesis. The immunological and protective properties of peptide PbCS 242-310 were studied in BALB/c mice (H-2d). Two subcutaneous injections, in the presence of IFA at the base of the tail, generated (i) high titers of anti-peptide antibodies which also recognized the native P. berghei CS protein, (ii) cytolytic T cells specific for the Kd-restricted peptide PbCS 245-253 and (iii) partial CD8+-dependent protection against sporozoite-induced malaria. The same frequencies of peptide PbCS 245-253 specific CD8+ T cells were found by IFN-γ ELISPOT in the draining lymph nodes of animals immunized with the short optimal CTL peptide 245-253 or with the polypeptide 242-310, indicating that the longer polypeptide can be processed and presented in vivo in the context of MHC class I as efficiently as the short CTL peptide. Interestingly, higher levels of IFN-γ producing CD8+ T cells and protection were observed when the four cysteine residues present in the C-terminal peptide were fully oxidized. These findings underline the potential importance of the chemical nature of the C-terminal fragment on the activation of the immune system and concomitant protection.