Faculté des sciences

Identification of an Ixodes ricinus salivary gland fraction through its ability to stimulate CD4 T cells present in BALB/c mice lymph nodes draining the tick fixation site

Ganapamo, F. ; Rutti, Bernard ; Brossard, Michel

In: Parasitoloty, 1997, vol. 115, no. 1, p. 91-96

BALB/c mice infested with larvae or nymphs of Ixodes ricinus develop in their lymph nodes a T cell-specific immune response triggered by salivary gland soluble antigens (SGA). SGA are apparently conserved in the 3 biological stages of I. ricinus ticks and are species specific. SGA derived from partially fed females I. ricinus stimulate lymph node T cells from mice infested... Plus

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    Summary
    BALB/c mice infested with larvae or nymphs of Ixodes ricinus develop in their lymph nodes a T cell-specific immune response triggered by salivary gland soluble antigens (SGA). SGA are apparently conserved in the 3 biological stages of I. ricinus ticks and are species specific. SGA derived from partially fed females I. ricinus stimulate lymph node T cells from mice infested with I. ricinus larvae or nymphs. In contrast, lymph node cells from mice infested with Amblyomma hebraeum nymphs do not respond. A chromatographic fraction enriched with a 65 kDa protein (IrSG65) isolated from salivary glands of I. ricinus partially fed females induces in vitro a specific T cell proliferation of lymph node cells from mice infested with I. ricinus nymphs. The depletion of CD4+ T cells drastically reduces the ability of lymphocytes from infested mice to proliferate after IrSG65 stimulation.