Faculté des sciences

Antibacterial triterpenes from Syzygium guineense (Myrtaceae)

Djoukeng, J.D. ; Abou-Mansour, Eliane ; Tabacchi, Raphaël ; Tapondjou, A.L. ; Bouda, H. ; Lontsi, D.

In: Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 2005, vol. 101, no. 1-3, p. 283-286

Antibacterial bioassay-guided fractionation of Syzygium guineense leaf extracts afforded 10 triterpenes, namely betulinic acid 1, oleanolic acid 2, a mixture of 2-hydroxyoleanolic acid 3a, 2-hydroxyursolic acid 3b, arjunolic acid 4a, asiatic acid 4b, a mixture of terminolic acid 5a, 6-hydroxyasiatic acid 5b, and a mixture of arjunolic... Plus

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    Summary
    Antibacterial bioassay-guided fractionation of Syzygium guineense leaf extracts afforded 10 triterpenes, namely betulinic acid 1, oleanolic acid 2, a mixture of 2-hydroxyoleanolic acid 3a, 2-hydroxyursolic acid 3b, arjunolic acid 4a, asiatic acid 4b, a mixture of terminolic acid 5a, 6-hydroxyasiatic acid 5b, and a mixture of arjunolic acid 28-β-glucopyranosyl ester 6a and the asiatic acid 28-β-glucopyranosyl ester 6b. Isolated compounds were submitted to an antibacterial assay system against gram-positive and -negative bacteria and human pathogen bacteria. Compounds 4a and 4b showed the most significant antibacterial activity against Escherichia coli, Bacillus subtilis and Shigella sonnei. The fraction 5a–5b was the least active, whereas compounds 1, 2 and the mixtures of 3a–3b and 6a–6b were inactive in the assays.