Faculté des sciences

Mono and dinuclear rhodium, iridium and ruthenium complexes containing chelating 2,2′-bipyrimidine ligands: Synthesis, molecular structure, electrochemistry and catalytic properties

Govindaswamy, Padavattan ; Canivet, Jérôme ; Therrien, Bruno ; Süss-Fink, Georg ; Štěpnička, Petr ; Ludvík, Jiří

In: Journal of Organometallic Chemistry, 2007, vol. 692, no. 17, p. 3664-3675

The mononuclear cations [(η5-C5Me5)RhCl(bpym)]+ (1), [(η5-C5Me5)IrCl(bpym)]+ (2), [(η6-p-PriC6H4Me)RuCl(bpym)]+ (3) and [(η6-C6Me6)RuCl(bpym)]+ (4) as well as the dinuclear dications... Plus

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    Summary
    The mononuclear cations [(η5-C5Me5)RhCl(bpym)]+ (1), [(η5-C5Me5)IrCl(bpym)]+ (2), [(η6-p-PriC6H4Me)RuCl(bpym)]+ (3) and [(η6-C6Me6)RuCl(bpym)]+ (4) as well as the dinuclear dications [{(η5-C5Me5)RhCl}2 (bpym)]2+ (5), [{(η5-C5Me5)IrCl}2 (bpym)]2+ (6), [{(η6-p-PriC6H4Me)RuCl}2 (bpym)]2+ (7) and [{(η6-C6Me6)RuCl}2 (bpym)]2+ (8) have been synthesised from 2,2′-bipyrimidine (bpym) and the corresponding chloro complexes [(η5-C5Me5)RhCl2]2, [(η5-C5Me5)IrCl2]2, [(η6-PriC6H4Me)RuCl2]2 and [(η6-C6Me6)RuCl2]2, respectively. The X-ray crystal structure analyses of [3][PF6], [5][PF6]2, [6][CF3SO3]2 and [7][PF6]2 reveal a typical piano-stool geometry around the metal centres; in the dinuclear complexes the chloro ligands attached to the two metal centres are found to be, with respect to each other, cis oriented for 5 and 6 but trans for 7. The electrochemical behaviour of 1–8 has been studied by voltammetric methods. In addition, the catalytic potential of 1–8 for transfer hydrogenation reactions in aqueous solution has been evaluated: All complexes catalyse the reaction of acetophenone with formic acid to give phenylethanol and carbon dioxide. For both the mononuclear and dinuclear series the best results were obtained (50 °C, pH 4) with rhodium complexes, giving turnover frequencies of 10.5 h−1 for 1 and 19 h−1 for 5.