Faculté des sciences

Palladation of diimidazolium salts at the C4 position: access to remarkably electron-rich palladium(II) centers

Heckenroth, Marion ; Kluser, Evelyne ; Neels, Antonia ; Albrecht, Martin

In: Dalton Transactions, 2008, p. 6242 - 6249

Palladation of C2-protected diimidazolium salts with Pd(OAc)₂ afforded complexes comprising C4-bound N-heterocyclic dicarbene ligands. The reactivity of these complexes towards Lewis acids (AgBF₄, AgOAc) and Brønsted acids (H₂SO₄, H₃PO₄, HOAc) revealed that abnormal C4 bonding of the carbenes markedly increases the nucleophilicity of the coordinated palladium center as compared to C2... Plus

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    Summary
    Palladation of C2-protected diimidazolium salts with Pd(OAc)₂ afforded complexes comprising C4-bound N-heterocyclic dicarbene ligands. The reactivity of these complexes towards Lewis acids (AgBF₄, AgOAc) and Brønsted acids (H₂SO₄, H₃PO₄, HOAc) revealed that abnormal C4 bonding of the carbenes markedly increases the nucleophilicity of the coordinated palladium center as compared to C2 bonding. Despite its formal +2 charge, the palladium center in these complexes is best described as a Lewis base. The abnormal carbene bonding mode induces new reaction patterns such as the formation of a Pd–Ag adduct. Based on metallation studies including the palladation of a dissymmetric diimidazolium salt, a rationale for the selective activation of the C4–H bond in the diimidazolium precursor salts is proposed.