Faculté des sciences

Poly(ethylene imine)-controlled Calcium Phosphate mineralization

Shkilnyy, Andriy ; Friedrich, Alwin ; Tiersch, Brigitte ; Schöne, Stefanie ; Fechner, Mabya ; Koetz, Joachim ; Schläpfer, Carl-Wilhelm ; Taubert, Andreas

In: Langmuir, 2008, vol. 24, no. 5, p. 2102–2109

The current paper shows that poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) is an efficient template for the fabrication of spherical calcium phosphate (CaP)/polymer hybrid particles at pH values above 8. The polymer forms spherical entities, which contain one or a few CaP particles with diameters of ca. 6 nm. The samples contain up to 20 wt % polymer, which appears to be wrapped around the small CaP particles. The... Plus

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    Summary
    The current paper shows that poly(ethylene imine) (PEI) is an efficient template for the fabrication of spherical calcium phosphate (CaP)/polymer hybrid particles at pH values above 8. The polymer forms spherical entities, which contain one or a few CaP particles with diameters of ca. 6 nm. The samples contain up to 20 wt % polymer, which appears to be wrapped around the small CaP particles. The particles form via a mineralization-trapping pathway, where at the beginning of the precipitation small CaP particles form. Further particle growth is then prevented by precipitation of the PEI onto these particles at pH values of ca. 8. Stabilization of the particles is provided by the re-protonation of the PEI, which is adsorbed on the CaP particles, during the remainder of the mineralization process. At low pH, much larger particles form. They most likely grow via heterogeneous nucleation and growth on existing, polymer-modified CaP surfaces.