Faculté des sciences

Functional columnar liquid crystalline phases from ionic complexes of dendronized polymers and sulfate alkyl tails

Canilho, Nadia ; Kasëmi, Edis ; Schlüter, Dieter A. ; Ruokolainen, Janne ; Mezzenga, Raffaele

In: Macromolecular Symposia, 2008, vol. 270, no. 1, p. 58 - 64

We describe how cationic dendronized polymers of generations 1, and 2 and anionic monoalkyl tails can be combined by supramolecular ionic complexation into comb-like liquid crystalline polymers. The final structures in bulk of these supramolecular complexes were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), cross-polarized optical microscopy (CPOM), small angle x-rays scattering (SAXS) and... Plus

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    Summary
    We describe how cationic dendronized polymers of generations 1, and 2 and anionic monoalkyl tails can be combined by supramolecular ionic complexation into comb-like liquid crystalline polymers. The final structures in bulk of these supramolecular complexes were studied by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), cross-polarized optical microscopy (CPOM), small angle x-rays scattering (SAXS) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM). The combination of these techniques allowed elucidating (i) that these complexes exhibit thermotropic behaviour, (ii) that various liquid crystalline structures in the 3-5 nm length scale can be obtained such as columnar rectangular, columnar tetragonal, columnar hexagonal and lamellar, depending both on alkyl tail length and polymer generation, (iii) that although the alkyl tails represent the majority phase in the columnar phases, they form the cylindric domains, and the dendronized polymers occupy the continuous domains. Therefore, upon selective cleavage of the alkyl tails in the columnar phases, the present self-assembly approach may constitute an efficient strategy towards the formation of porous organic matrices with ultra-dense pore size in the range of 2 to 4 nm.