Faculté des sciences

Role of activity in human dynamics

Zhou, Tao ; Kiet, H. A. T. ; Kim, B. J. ; Wang, B.-H. ; Holme, P.

In: Europhysics Letters, 2008, vol. 82, no. 2, p. 28002

The human society is a very complex system; still, there are several non-trivial, general features. One type of them is the presence of power-law–distributed quantities in temporal statistics. In this letter, we focus on the origin of power laws in rating of movies. We present a systematic empirical exploration of the time between two consecutive ratings of movies (the interevent time). At an... Plus

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    Summary
    The human society is a very complex system; still, there are several non-trivial, general features. One type of them is the presence of power-law–distributed quantities in temporal statistics. In this letter, we focus on the origin of power laws in rating of movies. We present a systematic empirical exploration of the time between two consecutive ratings of movies (the interevent time). At an aggregate level, we find a monotonous relation between the activity of individuals and the power law exponent of the interevent time distribution. At an individual level, we observe a heavy-tailed distribution for each user, as well as a negative correlation between the activity and the width of the distribution. We support these findings by a similar data set from mobile phone text-message communication. Our results demonstrate a significant role of the activity of individuals on the society-level patterns of human behavior. We believe this is a common character in the interest-driven human dynamics, corresponding to (but different from) the universality classes of task-driven dynamics.